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Ceramides are our skin’s built-in moisturizer [1]. To go further, they are fatty acids called lipids that make up the majority of your uppermost skin layer - the epidermis [2,3]. 

When participants are recruited for clinical dermatology research, the Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype Classification (FSPC) is the most commonly used method to stratify patients and identify differential skin responses.
While schools around the country are ramping back up and people are returning to work, stress can be evidently felt. We all experience stress many times throughout our lives. The human body actually has developed mechanisms to deal with stress, which can prove useful.
Saunas have been used as a way of healing for thousands of years. The ancient Mayans used dry heat saunas or “sweat houses” over 3,000 years ago to promote healing and health.  
Chemical exfoliants are a diverse group of skin care actives that can be used to target anything from dull skin to clogged pores and wrinkles. There are two main classes of chemical exfoliants: alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). Don’t let the term acid scare you. 
Conventional medicine, sometimes called Western medicine, is the practice of healthcare mainly used in the United States and other developed countries. Conventional medicine is practiced from a deductive reasoning approach, coming to a hypothesis based on observation and logical reasoning [1]. Treatment in conventional medicine is usually focused on acute disease care such as pharmaceuticals, surgery, and radiation.
Too much sun exposure can lead to sunburning which accelerates skin aging and increases the risk of various types of skin cancer[1]. But how does radiation from the sun affect our skin on a daily basis? And what exactly happens when we get sunburnt? 
There are a lot of ways to nurture your skin from serums to essences, moisturizers, and beyond. Let’s cut to the chase: we’re going to provide general guidance for layering these products to achieve the most out of their active ingredients and avoid pilling and antagonistic effects. 
Meditation is becoming increasingly popular in the Western world, a practice that has been a mainstay in Eastern cultures for generations. Meditation can be traced back to the Vedic texts of ancient India, where they believe the physical body is controlled by a connection to the inner self [1]. 
It has become increasingly clear that our microbiome is a critical part of our health. From metabolism to sleep and brain function, the bacteria and other microorganisms that constitute our microbiome help maintain homeostasis. But did you know it’s just as essential to regulating the health and appearance of our skin? Let’s learn about the role of the microbiome in skin health and how to choose clean skin care to support it.
Our skin is our largest external organ and it endures quite a lot. Whether it be UV damage, viruses/microorganisms, or physical abrasions, our skin is the first line of defense of our immune system[1]. A less obvious way to support our skin against these insults lies in our diet. 
Do you ever read the back of your favorite moisturizer? Odds are there are some words you have never heard of before or can easily pronounce. In a world of confusing ingredients, we are here to clarify cosmetic labelling.